Meetings & Conferences Semantics and Ontologies

BFO/DOLCE Primitive Relation Comparison (ISMB Bio-Ont SIG 2009)

A. Patrice Seyed

BFO is built for ontologies of sciences. BFO and RO are used in the OBO Foundry. DOLCE was built by Guarino. BFO Continuant/Endurant is synonymous with DOLCE’s Endurant/Perdurant(/Quality/Abstract are also included). For specific dependence, a dependent continuant ‘inheres in’ an independent continuant (relationship between particular and type). Specialized dependence relations are ‘quality of’, ‘function of’, and ‘role of’. In DOLCE, a quality can be a ‘quality of’ another quality, endurant or perdurant. There are still some questions over when to use function or role, as identified by a number of talks at today’s SIG. And from a BFO perspective, qualities only inhere in independent continuants.

The constitutes relation. X constitutes Y when there are properties of X which are accidental to X but essential to Y. BFO does not include consititution, but it does have ‘role of’, which is the closest it has. They want to find a way to continue to merge, and figure out how to integrate a conceptualist-centric ULO with a realist-centric ULO.

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Please note that this post is merely my notes on the presentation. They are not guaranteed to be correct, and unless explicitly stated are not my opinions. They do not reflect the opinions of my employers. Any errors you can happily assume to be mine and no-one else’s. I’m happy to correct any errors you may spot – just let me know!

By Allyson Lister

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