Adventures in Crocheted DNA

I made some crocheted DNA this week, and I was so impressed with both the free pattern I found, and the result, that I thought I should share my experiences here.

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I volunteer with the STEM Ambassador programme in the north of England, and in preparation for a talk / hands-on session I was giving at a local primary school, I went in search of visual aids for talking about DNA. I was already planning to help the kids of three Year 3 classes build models of DNA out of sweets (as described in this Guardian article), but before we got stuck into the gummy bears and liquorice, I wanted to give them a short introduction to DNA. (I go into more detail about the actual presentation I gave, as well as how the sweetie DNA turned out, in my related post on Genes and DNA for Year 3s.)

So, how do you make crocheted DNA? Well, I had a vague recollection of a DNA scarf pattern that I had come across some time ago (and you can try your hand at too), but I knew that would take too long to make. Also, it didn’t really have the 3-dimensional look I was going for. The scarf is gorgeous and scientifically accurate, but it isn’t much better than a drawing or a video from the perspective of the kids; it doesn’t show them the shape of a double helix.

My Googling then took me to the Wunderkammer blog by Jessica Polka, where she had posted this free pattern for crocheted DNA. It was another happy convergence (as was true with the scarf) of science and wool. You should all visit Jessica’s blog post as it goes into detail about how, if you’re right handed, you end up with a left-handed helix for your crocheted DNA if you follow her pattern. While I appreciate chirality, I went with the simpler left-handed helix for my work this week.

Jessica, however, went the extra mile and crocheted both left handed and backwards with her right hand! I admire her dedication, but I didn’t have that kind of time. I thought it might be useful for others to see the fruits of my labor, and provide a few helpful details on the pattern for others.

Firstly, the original pattern allows you to choose your own length of DNA, which is helpful. However, I had no idea how long it would end up, so for other people looking to make this pattern, I made an initial chain of length 50. As you can see from the picture at the top of the page, the resulting length of DNA was about twice the length of a crochet hook, or about 30 cm, give or take. Your work will be longer than that if you pull it tight (as the natural double helix shape contracts the length somewhat), and shorter if you have an 8-year-old squashing it as small as she can in order to mimic how the DNA is stored in the nucleus 🙂

An important note at this stage is that the pattern is American, and if you’re used to reading UK patterns please replace any reference to “single crochet” with “double crochet”.

After you create the chain and start on the single crochets, then you start to see the single spiral / helix forming:

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It’s really quite magical, and I don’t mind saying I felt weirdly happy watching the spiral slowly (but neatly) curl behind the active part of the work. However, I didn’t really believe the second row of single crochets would work as nicely as the first – I figured some fiddling would be required. However, even the second (and final) row spiralled neatly behind the “active site” (I know, I should have been a comedian! Ha ha), as you can see from this picture, where the completed (left-hand) double helix is on the right of the image, and the incomplete single spiral on the left:

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Finally, I didn’t tidy away the ends of the yarn on either side of the completed work as it 1) allowed for a useful place to hold the DNA while twirling it, creating a pleasing spin to watch, and 2) it was just about right to tie the ends together and make a circle of DNA should you so desire!

It only took about 30 minutes (including interruptions). I gave the DNA to the school at the end of the STEM event, as the kids seemed enthralled by it. The major and minor “grooves” were clear – clear enough that I was able to point them out to 7 and 8 year olds, who were able to understand the difference. I was also able to flatten it and show its similarities with the “ladder” diagram that I had up on a slide to show them how they were going to build their sweetie DNA.

Kids playing with Crocheted DNA
Kids playing with Crocheted DNA

I made it almost as an afterthought, yet it was so beautifully tactile when held and elegant when spun that the kids really enjoyed it. One girl in particular kept on spinning and spinning it, making the 30 minutes of my effort well worthwhile. I’ll definitely be making more whenever I run a similar event in future. Perhaps I should start making a full set of human “chromosomes”? But what colors should I choose for each one? Thoughts in the comments please!

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